Your consumer rights
When you buy something the law gives you certain rights that protect you if it’s faulty. You may also have extra rights depending on where you buy the item and how you pay for it. Find out what your rights are and who can help if things go wrong.
When you buy an item from a trader (eg a shop or online shop) the law says the item must be:
- of satisfactory quality – last for the time you would expect it to and be free of any defects
- fit for purpose – fit for the use described and any specific use you made clear to the trader
- as described – match the description on packaging or what the trader told you
If an item doesn’t meet any of these rights, it is faulty and you will usually have the right to a:
These rights apply to most items you buy from a shop, including sale items. You may have additional rights to these if you have a warranty (see link below).
If the trader makes a fault known to you and you buy the item, you can’t return it unless you discover a different fault.
You have fewer rights if you buy your item from a private seller, eg in an online auction or from a newspaper advert. The items only have to match the description given by the seller and be theirs to sell.
You also have rights if you buy a service or sign up to a contract, eg if you a hire a builder or join a gym (see link below).
Returning items to a shop
Keep your receipts You will need ‘proof of purchase’ to return faulty items to a shop
You will need some ‘proof of purchase’ to return faulty items to a shop such as:
- a receipt
- a bank statement
- the shop’s packaging
- a witness – someone who saw you buy it
If there is nothing wrong with the item, you don’t have the legal right to return it. Some shops may let you return the item if you provide the proof of purchase that the shop wants, eg a receipt. Check the shop’s returns policy before you buy.
Your right to change your mind
You usually have seven working days to cancel your order and ask for your money back if you buy something:
- over the phone
- by mail order (eg from a catalogue)
- on your doorstep (eg when a salesman visits your home)
You don’t have this right if your item is:
- personalised or made to order
- perishable, eg food or flowers
- a newspaper or magazine
- a financial product (eg a loan)
- a CD, DVD or computer software where the security seal has been broken
If an item isn’t delivered on time
If you buy something online, over the phone or by mail order, you have the right to cancel the order and get your money back:
- when an item doesn’t arrive on the given delivery date
- where no delivery date is given and the item doesn’t arrive 30 days after placing your order
These rights only apply if you buy from a trader based in the European Union (EU). If the trader is based outside of the EU, you will need to check with the trader to see which country’s law applies.
How you pay and your rights
If you pay for something using a credit agreement, credit card or Visa or Maestro debit card, you may have additional rights if:
- there’s a fault with the item or service
- the trader has gone out of business
If you paid for something costing between £100 and £30,000 using a credit card or credit agreement, you can make a claim from your finance company.
If you’ve paid using Visa, Mastercard or Maestro, you may be able to claim your money back through their ‘chargeback’ scheme. You will need to contact the card company to make a claim.
Pricing and your rights
The price of any item you buy should be clearly priced. If an item has been wrongly priced by mistake, you don’t have the right to buy it at that price. For example if a coat is priced at £29, but is actually £299 when you get to the till.
If you are unhappy with the correct price, you don’t have to buy the item.
If you need to make a complaint
If you need to complain about something you’ve bought, always go back to the trader. Also check any warranty you have to see what protection it gives you, eg for accidental damage.
If you don’t hear back from the trader or don’t agree with their response, you should make a complaint in writing (see link below).
You can also get advice on disputes from Consumer Direct, the government funded consumer advice service.